Raising questions on the origin of the early European farmers

Today we publish results from re-analysing stone age hunter-gatherers and farmers. As is always the case, we have all participated in the work, and provided for it in one way or another to happen. But also as always, a few people have been coordinating the work, driving it, and invested more time and effort than the rest of us. On this particular paper those key-persons are Gülşah Merve Kılınç and Mehmet Somel. And the paper is saying that sure, farming and agriculture was developed in the Near East and Anatolia millennia’s before it reached Europe. But the actual leap to Europe may not have been with migrants, it could have been local hunter-gatherers in south-eastern Europe picking up the tradition, and then they would bring the knowledge to the rest of Europe with migration.

 

We are not saying that this must be the way it happened. But we are saying that with the available information, this scenario is just as likely as a migration process from central Anatolia into and throughout Europe. We simply do not have the data to distinguish between these possibilities yet. What we can see though, is that there was a lot of mobility in Anatolia and the Near East right before and during the early stages of farming. There are different genetic ties and connection between the groups in this area indicating a complex system of communication and mobility. And some of all this will eventually be easier to understand with even more data.

The paper

Gülşah Merve Kılınç

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