The Siberian material has been with us for some time now. Natalya Kashuba started to meet up with friends and colleagues in 2012, and this is our first study that is coming out from that material. It has mainly been Gulsah Merve Kilinc and Natalya Kashuba, strongly supported by Jan Storå, who has been driving this one. Gulsah did all the analytical work, while Natalya did the laboratory work and kept contact with the archaeologists, and it is also in the archaeological section Jan supported this work.
Mitochondrial DNA is blunter than genomic DNA, but there are still patterns visible in the mitochondrial genomes. We note that there have been some demographic processes going on, they mainly appear to be connected to usage of some metals. But most striking is how much of the early variation that still remains in the area during the Iron Age, more than 10.000 years later. This is some level of continuity! The Siberian material is a demographic gold-mine and I’m sure that we will return to it over the coming years for more detailed studies.
One of Natalyas typical sampling-trips to Siberia